Map of northern Norway published by Freytag & Berndt. In 1944, the German Wehrmacht started to retreat from the Murmansk front. Bioforsk, with research in terrestrial effects of climate and subarctic agriculture, has branches in four places in Northern Norway – Tromsø, Bodø, Tjøtta and Svanhovd in Sør-Varanger. The first people possibly arrived 12,000–13,000 years ago, but it is uncertain whether they came from southern Norway or from the Kola Peninsula. Authentic Scandinavia – exciting Norway tours. Here there is a multitude of islands and skerries on the outside of the coastal range, some flat, some with impressive shapes, like Mount Torghatten, which has a hole through it, and the Seven Sisters near Sandnessjøen. The chieftain and poet Øyvind Skaldespiller was the first to receive international acclaim, as his poems were rewarded when the Icelandic parliament organized a money collection to buy him a thick ring of gold. On 27 May, Bodø was bombed by German planes, and on 7 June, the Allies retreated from the North, and the King and government fled to Britain from Tromsø. From the mainland side it looks very barren, but behind the violet-black peaks there are also flatlands with good grazing for sheep, partially on soil made from seaweed. 1,074 Explored this map. There are extreme variations in daylight between winter and summer.  In areas of Finnmark, the dialects are somewhat more in line with standard written Norwegian (Bokmål, Nynorsk), particularly in those areas where Norwegian was primarily introduced by the school system as part of the assimilation process during the 20th century. Northern Norway. The Finnish spoken in western regions, from Storfjord to Porsanger, is quite distinct, although comprehensible for people from Finland. At the same time, the ethnic diversity of the area came under threat. Goods that are needed in northern Norway are generally freighted by train to Bodø or Narvik, and there reloaded to trucks. As most of the region lies above the Arctic Circle, Northern Norway is blessed with twenty-four hours of sunlight i… Our destinations. Further east, around Vadsø and Kirkenes, the spoken Finnish resembles standard Finnish. The Sami culture can be traced back at least 2,000 years. Large coastal areas were depopulated, and Sami culture made a comeback, as it was less dependent on fish exports. An overview of the standalone Northern Scandinavia map in beta stage. Situated in a river valley, Karasjok only experiences on average 1 day/year with strong breeze (22 knots) or more, and virtually never sees gale-force winds. It is the administrative, cultural, industrial and economic center of the country. Norrøna Hvitserk – expeditions and adventure holidays. Located in the northwest of Oslofjord and surrounded by forested hills is, Oslo – the capital, the largest and the most populous city of Norway. The extreme northeastern coast, from Nordkapp to Vardø, is situated in the arctic climate zone due to lack of summer warmth—the July average in Vardø is = 9 °C (48 °F). The inland is covered by Finnmarksvidda, a relatively barren plateau about 300 to 400 metres (980 to 1,310 ft) high, with many lakes and rivers like Alta-Kautokeino and Tana/Deatnu. Indication of maritime ferry links, Index of cities with zip codes. Select from the other forecast maps (on the right) to view the temperature, cloud cover, wind and precipitation for this country on a large scale with animation. The oldest known historical culture in the region is called Komsa, named after a mountain in Alta. Northern Norway during the polar night is therefore your best bet for experiencing the northern lights. The lowest point is sea level at the coast. The inland is covered with dense spruce forests and mountains near the Swedish border; some of the biggest rivers in the region are the Vefsna and the Ranelva. Finnmarksvidda in the interior of Finnmark and some valleys in the interior of Troms, experience a more continental climate with much less precipitation and much colder winters compared to the long coastal region.. Some of the largest towns in Northern Norway (from south to north) are Mo i Rana, Bodø, Narvik, Harstad, Tromsø and Alta. They burned everything after them in the area between the Russian border and the Lyngen fjord, as part of their tactics. Ranked by population in the town itself (not the municipality) as of 1. The 269 metres (883 ft) Mollisfossen waterfall in Nordreisa is the highest waterfall in the north, while Målselvfossen is Norway's national waterfall. Foods with dairy as an important ingredient include waffles, pancakes and rømmegrøt (sour-cream porridge), the latter always served with sugar and cinnamon. The Aurora Borealis can be seen in the whole area from autumn to mid-April, after which it gets too bright to observe the Aurora. Finnish is official in addition to Sami and Norwegian in Porsanger municipality. King Haakon VII and the government fled towards the north, and stayed in the Tromsø area for three weeks. Between Saltfjellet and eastern Finnmark, Norway spruce trees have originally been planted and are mostly privately owned. It is geographically positioned both in the Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. Learn how to create your own. This is not to suggest that no prejudices remain, however. Halibut is traditional Christmas food. More lately is the imported strawberry which has become popular and are grown locally (mostly southern half of region). There is also some archeological evidence of Bronze Age agricultural settlements about 2,500 years old, as in Steigen and Sømna. In winter, there might sometimes blow cold winds from the freezing highlands out through the large fjords, −10 °C (14 °F) and strong breeze will feel very cold on the skin. Getting away from the city lights will give you a better chance to see the aurora more clearly. Top Places to Visit in Northern Norway, Norway: See Tripadvisor's 1,85,671 traveller reviews and photos of Northern Norway attractions. These settled along the coasts roughly up to Tromsø. The map can be downloaded, printed, and used for coloring or educational purpose like map-pointing activities. Northern Norway covers about a third of Norway. 9/11/2020. There are smaller airports with regional flights near most towns. A rippling landscape of jagged mountain peaks, creaking glaciers and crashing waterfalls, Norway is Europe at its most sublime. Although I was born in the US, I have Norwegian citizenship through my mother and spent a lot of time in Norway growing up. It also etched-out deep valleys that then filled with seawater forming Norway's fjords.  A larger settlement by people of Germanic origin, with substantial archeological evidence, seem to have occurred 200–300 AD. This was followed in 1307 by the consecration of Vardø Church in what is now eastern Finnmark. Northern Norway is often described as the land of the midnight sun and the land of the northern lights. The Tromsø Midnight Sun Marathon is a marathon race held under midnight sun. In 1252 the first church, the Ecclesia Sanctae Mariae de Trums juxta paganos ("The Church of Saint Mary in Troms near the Heathens"), was built in Tromsø, along with a small rampart intended to serve as protection against Karelian raids. When that ice finally retreated (or melted) its movement across the land formed islands, lakes, rivers and mountains. Norway is one of Europe's most mountainous countries and dominated north to south by the many ranges of the Scandinavian Mountains as observed on the map above. In Tromsø, average temperatures stays below freezing for 5 months – statistically from 10 November to 10 April (based on 1961–90 average, more recent years have tended to be somewhat warmer). The population was forcibly evacuated, although a third of them chose to hide in the wilderness instead. 4.9. At roughly the same time, the cod fishing gained momentum. In 1972 and 1994, the strong anti-EU movements of the north, largely based on concerns over EU (mis)management of its own fish stocks, were instrumental when Norway voted against EU membership in referendums.  The unique growing conditions, with ripening in 24-hr daylight and modest warmth is sometimes claimed to enhance flavor. I have also traveled a lot around this part of Norway and thought to share some tips about places I think is worth visiting up here. Northern Norway shares the same latitude as Alaska, Greenland and Siberia, but compared to these areas Northern Norway has a milder climate. Interrupted by the British blockade of the Napoleonic wars, this introduced a period of unprecedented growth in the north as the trade monopoly had previously made cities nonviable in Northern Norway. Tromsø is located in northern Norway, with the majority of the city located on the island of Tromsøya. After 1700, Russian Pomors started to come every summer on trading expeditions, bringing rye in exchange for fish. Northern Norway is often described as the land of the midnight sun and the land of the northern lights. Only the interior areas of Finnmark – like Karasjok – tend to be wettest in summer. At Nordkapp the midnight sun can be seen from 11 May to 31 July, and the sun does not rise above the horizon from 19 November to 22 January. There are also glaciers, like Frostisen and Blåisen. However, agricultural produce has existed for at least 3,000 years in parts of the area (Helgeland, Salten, Lofoten, Harstad-Kvæfjord). Today the rock carvings at Hjemmeluft in Alta or at Leknes in Nordland are among the remainders of the Stone Age cultures, showing reindeer swimming across the fjords. Northern Lights Holidays in Norway provide the backdrop to some of the most beautiful vistas imaginable. In the 1740s the first settlers started arriving in Northern Norway from Finland. This tundra receives little precipitation and has a very short growing season, so it is generally a treeless plain of low shrubs and hearty grasses. Bodø was founded in 1816, and Vadsø in 1833. Control the animation using the slide bar found beneath the weather map. Fjord Tours – experience Norway in a nutshell® with one ticket. Meet Norway's new regional map, as of January 2020. The wettest areas are generally the Helgeland region; Lurøy on the west coast of Saltfjell averages 2,900 millimetres (110 in)/year. The land of the midnight sun offers 24 hours of daylight during the summer, so travelers can hike or fish whatever the hour. In alphabetical order, the regions are: Agder, Innlandet, More og Romsdal, Nordland, Oslo, Rogaland, Troms og Finnmark, Trondelag, Vestfold og Telemark, Vestlandet and Viken. The areas with the least precipitation are some inland valleys, like Dividalen in Målselv with only 282 millimetres (11.1 in) precip/year, and upper Saltdal and Skibotn with about the same. In 2009, archeologist discovered evidence of barley grown in Kvæfjord near Harstad in the Bronze Age 1000 BC. Lamb meat from sheep following the retreating snow line up the hills and mountains to get the most nutritious fresh vegetation throughout summer is highly regarded by the locals, and research seem to indicate that a varied diet does influence the taste of the meat. The Northern Norwegian dialects share a common, musical intonation, different from the southern dialects of Norway. The mid-winter darkness is not totally dark on the mainland; there is twilight for about three hours around noon in Tromsø. Winters in the far north may be harsh, but skiers and dog-sledders are hardy The blank outline map above is of Norway, a highly mountainous country in Northern Europe on the western half of the Scandinavian Peninsula. The most windy location in continental Norway (apart from mountain summits) is Fruholmen Lighthouse () in Måsøy not far from the North Cape.  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